Moose and Squirrel Would Use Renewables to Get Russian Leader Putin Place

mooseIn the dark days of the Cold War in the early 1960s, the threat of communism and of foreign totalitarianism loomed large. Unbeknownst to most, a couple of unsung heroes stepped up to America’s defense. These two intrepid patriots, the favorite sons of Frostbite Falls, Minnesota, are Rocket “Rocky” J. Squirrel, a flying squirrel, and his best friend Bullwinkle J. Moose, a good-natured moose. They are better known to us as Rocky and Bullwinkle. They frequently locked horns with nefarious agents from the totalitarian nation of Pottsylvania. The agents, Boris Badenov and Natasha Fatale, directly reported to an apparatchik named Fearless Leader. Boris Badenov frequently referred to Rocky and Bullwinkle as “moose and squirrel”. It is important to note that the Pottsylvanian “nogoodniks” are only mere subordinate drones to Pottsylvania’s real epicenter of power. The one who is really pulling all the strings is the mysterious and elusive Mr. Big who ultimately calls all the shots.

Fast forward to present day’s world affairs. There are a numberPutin of “Mr. Big wannabes” sprinkled around the world. Many of these wannabes are essentially fossil fuel resource thugs who aim to intimidate and bully other countries because of their (current) abundance of these resources. In Russia’s case, it is oil and gas. Their days are numbered and if the US and others take initiatives to hasten the end of those days by introducing competitive renewable alternatives, these thugs and (unfortunately) their dominions will be relegated to the status of irrelevant and impotent, outlaw pariahs.

There are clearly similarities between the Mr. Big associated with Rocky and Bullwinkle and Vladimir Putin, the current ruler of the Russian Federation. Although he has done some things for the Russian people, e.g., Putin oversaw large scale military and police reform. His energy policy has affirmed Russia’s position as an energy superpower and supported high-tech industries such as the nuclear and defense industries. Putin has cultivated a “he-man”, “super hero” image attempting to be a pop cultural icon in Russia. Rumor has it that he recently made plans to open a French restaurant in Moscow called, “The Creped Crusader” and Dennis Miller tweeted on March 20th that “Putin just signed to play the villain in new Bond flick “ ‘Goldnipple.’” Perhaps there’s just a touch of narcissism? He even has many commercial products named after him and Forbes ranks Putin as the world’s most powerful person. However, he has crushed free press and now taken a couple of chapters from “Mein Kampf”…except the Vladster is going east to west not vice-versa. Crimea today, who knows tomorrow? What can be done? What’s his ultimate goal?

ladyIn the Cold War days of the 1960s, one thought of (God forbid) nukes or tactical incursions with ground, air, or naval forces. We don’t have Rocket J. Squirrel anymore, but maybe we should re-think how we confront paleo-Fascists such as Putin. The late, great, Nobel laureate, Dr. Wangari Maathi noted that, “In a few decades, the relationship between the environment, resources, and conflict may seem almost as obvious as the relationship we see today between human rights, democracy, and peace.” Dr. Maathi passed in 2011 (view link) of complications due to cancer. Maathi was quite ahead of her time. Your blogger was privileged to hear her speak in person near Philadelphia in October of 2006. Maathi astutely notes that future conflicts will be over resources. This view is in line with what others such as the McKinsey Group (2011) and yours truly (2013) have been espousing about the coming economic and resource crisis. Other groups, such as the U.S. Department of Defense, and major U.S. corporations like Wal-Mart are also coming to this realization (Rozich, 2013) and acting on it.

So how would Rocky and Bullwinkle formulate a long term strategy to get the Putins of the world “put in” place? One would conjecture that “moose and squirrel” would recognize that leverage can be obtained by the countries that adhere to the conceptual thinking advocated in the Inconvenient Triad or Super Nexus (Rozich, 2013) and the counsel of Dr. Maathi regarding the role of resources in future international conflicts. Competitive renewable resources, particularly energy in Russia’s case, would compel Russia to sell oil and gas at lower rates. The ultimate goal would be to make their fossil fuels economically irrelevant. As previously noted, Putin has made Russia into an energy superpower. However, that can be a two-edged sword. For example, based on a February 2014 CIA (US Central Intelligence Agency) Report (view link), “The Russian economy, however, was one of the hardest hit by the 2008-09 global economic crisis as oil prices plummeted and the foreign credits that Russian banks and firms relied on dried up. According to the World Bank the government’s anti-crisis package in 2008-09 amounted to roughly 6.7% of GDP”. What would happen if renewable alternatives were available to Russian oil? Even moderate levels of alternative energy sources would have a stifling effect on the Russian economy.

Also, consider Russian agriculture in a country which is dependent on foreign imports of food to feed its citizens. Only about 7% of Russian land is arable and to say that Russia is climate-challenged now is an understatement. This aspect does not even address other key critical aspects of the Agriculture, Water, and Energy Nexus along with resource inter linkage factors that will ultimately negatively impact Russian agriculture. Despite initiatives launched to achieve food self-sufficiency (view link), some see issues in Russia achieving the goalUntitled of food self-sufficiency. A glitch with Russian food production in concert with the inability to sell their oil at premium prices inflicts a twofold hit on the Russian economy. By no means is it being suggested that we try to “out-Putin Putin” by substituting renewables for fossil fuels as leverage. The recommended tact is to take a page from former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt who advocated to “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”

The upshot is that the Russia invasion of Crimea may be less about Putin flexing Russian military power and more about resources. Maybe it is agricultural resources? The Ukraine is a major exporter of food with agricultural exports accounting for 20% of exports (van Leeuwen, et. al., 2012). A long term strategy of “re-acquiring” and/or bullying the Ukraine could be a longer term play by Putin to ensure Russian food self-sufficiency goals. After all, even Vlad knows that you can’t eat oil. It gets even worse for the Vladster if he can’t sell the black gold and make a decent profit.

References

McKinsey Global Institute, Resource Revolution: Meeting the World’s Energy, Food, and Water Needs, McKinsey and Company, San Francisco, November, 2011.

Rozich, A. F., Other Inconvenient Truths Beyond Global Warming, Virtual Bookworm.com, College Station, Texas, 2013.

van Leeuwen, M., et. al., “The agri-food sector in Ukraine: Current situation and market outlook until 2025”, European Commission Joint Research Centre, Seville, Spain, 2012.

Photo Credits

Bullwinkle and Rocky Taking a Picture of a “Wanted” Poster of Boris and Natasha, Taken from a 1962 Cereal Box
Vladimir Putin, Courtesy Wikipedia

Dr. Maathi with then Senator Obama in Nairobi in 2006, Courtesy Wikimedia Commons and Fredrick Onyango

Theodore Roosevelt, Courtesy Wikimedia Commons

Fossil Fuel Lobby to Cure U.S. Obesity Epidemic

Given the nature of what comes out of the fossil fuel lobby these days, it’s no surprise that lone gunmananother X-File is likely to be opened for this industry. A blogger friend of mine tells me of a call he received from someone who only identified themselves as “F. M.” My fellow blogger using the moniker, “Deep Green”, noted that F. M.’s voice was electronically masked to make him sound like Darth Vader huffing helium. F.M. purportedly has information from the Lone Gunmen about a new energy lobbyist, energyyesterday.com. As the name suggests, it’s all about yesterday’s energy sources and they have nothing to do with tomorrow. This group has a marketing initiative that endeavors to ensure that the public knows where fossil fuel energy sources originate, that is, yesterday as in 500,000,000 years ago, there’s no tomorrow or long term future with fossil fuels, and the lobby is here to help. They Spenderstruck a deal with the US Secretary of Health and Human Services, which was brokered by C. G. B. Spender, a.k.a., the Cigarette Smoking Man, who is now a consultant for energyyesterday.com. HHS will provide marketing assistance to energyyesterday.com because HHS knows that more energy production with preferably inefficient fossil fuel sources with heavy agricultural interlinkages will cause food prices to rise. The US gets more energy, food becomes unaffordable, and the public gets thinner. It is really all about a humanitarian initiative to confront the obesity problem in the U.S. And, as a fortuitous circumstance, the fossil fuel industry prospers. New marketing slogans have already been floated such as “Want not, waist not!” and “Go frack yourself and lose a few!”

If you think the above vignette is baseless and totally bereft of reality, you are probably right. Well, maybe. In truth, the vignette is a spoof and satirical parody that is designed to both alert and (hopefully) entertain the reader. In reality, the societal conflict between energy and food is real and is currently being manifested. This conflict will only worsen. Consider that the fossil fuel energy marketing apparatus performs like a (pardon the pun) well-oiled machine. The public gets inundated with ads from organizations like www.energytomorrow.org whose tacit goal is to manipulate public opinion in order to influence national energy policy to favor fossil fuels over renewables. This objective is even implied in their website (Rozich, 2014).

Previously, this blogger (Rozich, 2014) called attention to fossil fuel energy’s befuddling thesis on the status of U.S. fossil fuel energy reserves and potential resources and the lobby’s associated arcane rationale. There are at least two potential negative impacts that this skewed public relations juggernaut can have:

• Disadvantaging the renewable energy industry.
• Crippling the agricultural industry and food production.

Let us reflect on the second bullet point regarding the crippling of agriculture. Kindly observe that not once has the “C” term, carbon dioxide and associated references to global warming, been mentioned as a reason to warn against overdependence on fossil fuels. The concern with fossil fuel dependence in this discourse concerns resource interlinkages. In today’s societal functionality, agricultural productivity is inexorably interlinked with the availability of water and energy. EgyptThis interlinkage also manifests itself in the costs of water and energy as these costs impact production costs for food. Intensive agriculture has higher water and energy usage. Water is also needed for energy production and energy is also required in other industries. For example, energy is needed for the production of water. These factors set the stage for a “resource competition” that is ultimately unhealthy and must be addressed. A nexus perspective provides a better working framework with which to reconcile these emerging conflicts. An unbalanced and prejudicial emphasis on only one component of the nexus works to the detriment of societal functionality by debilitating one or all of the other nexus components.

As a society, we must question whether we are missing the mark when it comes to priorities. It is not suggested that the importance of energy be dismissed in favor of agriculture. However, the public perception of the role of agriculture and ensuring that it has the ability to maintain current functionality must at the very least have parity with that of the energy industry. The early, great civilizations grew up near great water and fertilizer sources, and not near coal mines or oil wells, for a reason. It was not a fortuitous coincidence.

A Department of Energy (DOE) report (Skaggs, et. al., 2012) notes a good example that occurred in Texas in 2011. Water withdrawals in Texas for thermoelectric production were already significant and there were other competing water withdrawals for domestic, industrial, and agricultural concerns. This situation resulted in numerous overlapping competitions for water which antagonized interlinkage effects because all of these water users needed energy and a key energy source is thermoelectric which uses significant amounts of water. A heat wave and associated drought depleted critical deposits of water while at the same time increasing water demand in the various areas of societal functionality. The result was there was not enough water to meet all the requirements of the water users such as farmers who need water for food production. Unless society embraces a nexus perspective in ameliorating and preventing resource conflicts, interlinkage effects will only worsen ultimately leading to intra-societal clashes and strife.

References:
Rozich, A.F., Other Inconvenient Truths Beyond Global Warming, Virtual Bookworm.com, College Station, Texas, 2013.

Rozich, A.F., Why Oil Industry Estimates for Energy Reserves Can Be an X-File, Blog, http://www.otherinconvenienttruths.com/?p=141, Accessed, March 17, 2014.

Skaggs, R. et. al., Climate and Energy-Water-Land System Interactions, US Department of Energy, PNNL-21185, March, 2012.

Photo credits:
Lone Gunmen: Byers, Frohike and Langly, Courtesy, Wikimedia
C. G. B. Spender, Courtesy, Wikimedia
Ancient Egyptian Farmer, Courtesy Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

The Unusual Suspects

So what are we talking about? Who or what are the “Unusual Suspects”? We certainly have an idea of where the term, “Usual Suspects”, originated. The phrase, “Usual Suspects” was first used in popular culture in thcaptaine classic film, “Casablanca” (Warner Brothers, 1942). As the story goes, during World War II in French Morocco after the fall of France, people wanting escape Nazi-occupied Europe would make their way to Casablanca in the hopes of getting transit visas to free or neutral countries like Portugal. Captain Renault holds sway over Casablanca and when a murder occurs, he instructs his officers to “Round up the usual suspects.” spaceyThis phrase inspired the movie, “The Usual Suspects” (Bad Hat Harry Productions Blue Parrott, 1995) wherein Verbal Kint, played by Kevin Spacey, chronicles the tale of the evil master villain, Keyser Söze, and Kint’s mortal fear of Söze given that authorities are asking Kint to agrees to testify against Söze.

Both humans and other species are currently being plagued by a mysterious malaise that is perhaps being surreptitiously conveyed throughout our natural and man-made water systems. So who are the Usual Suspects in this case? Someone who knows Captain Renault? Maybe it could be the seemingly omniscient Keyser Söze? The grim reality is that these suspects are unusual everyday ones and there are approximately 7 billion of them. The Unusual Suspects are Homo sapiens and they have been at it for quite some time. So what is the “it” that they have been “at” that is making them and fellow planetary inhabitants ill?

One of the lesser known aspects of the result of human societal activity is the production, dispersion, and proliferation of numerous compounds that have detrimental impacts on both humans and other life forms. These compounds are collectively often referred to as “persistent organic pollutants” or POPs. Just like Keyser Söze, POPs can act in insidious and devious ways. The reason for this statement is that many of these compounds work subtly to interfere and alter the biochemical functionality for humans and numerous other species. After being manufactured and consumed by people, most of these products are not converted in the human body to innocuous substances. Consequently, the vast majority of these materials merely “pass- through” the human body and are discharged into domestic wastewater collection systems or other disposal systems. When these materials arrive at wastewater treatment facilities, the current technology is not capable of destroying the preponderance of POPs and they are then widely dispersed into the environment.organics

One class of POPs are called endocrine disruptor compounds or EDCs. These compounds can interfere with the functioning or human and animal endocrine systems. The endocrine system is comprised of glands in the body. These glands produce hormones which act as chemical messengers. These chemicals control a number of important biological functions, including reproduction, growth, development, and food processing. Insulin, estrogen, and testosterone are examples of hormones. Alarmingly, these substances have found their way into the environment at levels which can inflict adverse health effects, even death, to organisms including humans. EDCs are one class of anthropogenic organics that can be particularly insidious.. They are usually in health care products and the like and usually found in consumer products.

A case in point for EDCs is DDT. The alarming impacts of DDT were brought to public attention by Dr. Rachel Carson in her groundbreaking book, “Silent Spring”. As a result of Dr. Carson’s book, investigative efforts determined that DDT had effects on wildlife and other data were obtained that showed that DDT represented a potential risk to human health. DDT is classified as a probable human carcinogen by both U.S. and international experts. Data from studies using animals showed that animals exposed to DDT developed liver tumors. Since DDT biodegrades slowly, it is very persistent in the environment.egg

Although society ultimately dealt with DDT, there are numerous other POP compounds currently being manufactured, consumed, and widely dispersed into the environment. The Unusual Suspects are increasingly dispersing these compounds into the environment. This proliferation is facilitated by the society’s water and wastewater treatment systems which are unable to cope with these substances resulting in the dispersion of POPs into the environment. Persistent organics is an issue that will require our attention as an “other inconvenient truth” particularly as economies and populations grow and water is “recycled” more frequently in society.

References:
Rozich, A. F., Other Inconvenient Truths Beyond Global Warming, Virtual Bookworm.com, College Station, Texas, 2013.

Carson, Rachel, Silent Spring, Houghton-Mifflin, New York, 2002.

Photo credits:
The Inimitable Captain Renault (Claude Rains) in a Scene from the Timeless Classic, CasablancaCourtesy Wikimedia Commons

Kevin Spacey, Courtesy Wikimedia Commons

Eggshells Deformed by DDT, Courtesy, Wikispaces and Anthony Li.